Larger than LANs, but smaller than metropolitan area networks MANs, explained below , these types of networks are typically seen in universities, large K school districts or small businesses. They can be spread across several buildings that are fairly close to each other so users can share resources. These types of networks are larger than LANs but smaller than WANs — and incorporate elements from both types of networks.
MANs span an entire geographic area typically a town or city, but sometimes a campus. Ownership and maintenance is handled by either a single person or company a local council, a large company, etc.
Network Architecture > Wireless System Architecture: How Wireless Works
The Internet is the most basic example of a WAN, connecting all computers together around the world. Instead, they move storage resources away from the network and place them into their own high-performance network. SANs can be accessed in the same fashion as a drive attached to a server. Types of storage-area networks include converged, virtual and unified SANs. This term is fairly new within the past two decades. The computers connected on a SAN operate as a single system at very high speeds. A point-to-multipoint LAN architecture, POLAN uses optical splitters to split an optical signal from one strand of singlemode optical fiber into multiple signals to serve users and devices.
These types of networks are built and owned by businesses that want to securely connect its various locations to share computer resources. This means LLAP can run over any communication medium.
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The three strengths of LLAP are, it'll run on anything now, anything in the future and it's easily understandable by humans. Reactive Streams "A standard for asynchronous stream processing with non-blocking back pressure on the JVM.
Information technology standards
Image Credit: Helium. WirelessHart "WirelessHART technology provides a robust wireless protocol for the full range of process measurement, control, and asset management applications. DigiMesh "DigiMesh is a proprietary peer-to-peer networking topology for use in wireless end-point connectivity solutions. IEEE It is maintained by the IEEE The data rate is up to kbps and the rangeis with a few meters short compared to the wireless sensornetworks. ANT ANT is a proprietary wireless sensor network technology featuring a wireless communications protocol stack that enables semiconductor radios operating in the 2.
Bluetooth Bluetooth works in the 2. With a data rate up to 3 Mbps and maximum range of m.
Each application type which can use Bluetooth has its own profile. ZigBee The ZigBee protocol uses the The maximum number of nodes in the network is with a range up to meter. ZigBee can use bit AES encryption. The transmit range goes up to 30 meter in buildings and up to meter outdoor. The range is different for fixed stations, where it can go up to 50 km and mobile devices with 5 to 15 km.
WiMAx operates at frequencies between 2.
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Weightless Weightless is a proposed proprietary open wireless technology standard for exchanging data between a base station and thousands of machines around it using wavelength radio transmissions in unoccupied TV transmission channels with high levels of security. It does not describe domain concepts, time, locations, etc.
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It's concise - you only write what you need to define - and reusable. LightweightM2M is principly a device management protocol, but it should be designed to be able to extend to meet the requirements of applications.
A key part of the Transport Layer Security protocol used to secure web and email communication. We provide a reference communication stack, together with insight about the main interactions among the actors in the domain model. We developed a communication stack similar to the ISO OSI 7-layer model for networks, mapping the needed features of the domain model unto communication paradigms. We also describe how communication schemes can be applied to different types of networks in IoT.
Full Presentation. Eclipse Paho Project "The scope of the Paho project is to provide open source implementations of open and standard messaging protocols that support current and emerging requirements of M2M integration with Web and Enterprise middleware and applications.
It will include client implementations for use on embedded platforms along with corresponding server support as determined by the community. AllSeen Alliance "The AllSeen Alliance is a nonprofit consortium dedicated to enabling and driving the widespread adoption of products, systems and services that support the Internet of Everything with an open, universal development framework supported by a vibrant ecosystem and thriving technical community'.