Their condemnation extended to works in nearly every major art movement: Expressionism, Dada, New Objectivity, Surrealism, Cubism, and Fauvism.
Richly illustrated, Degenerate Art elucidates the historical and intellectual context of the notorious exhibition in Munich in , which spurred the attack on modern art. Art works from the exhibition Degenerate Art are compared to works of art from The Great German Art Exhibition, which was held at the same time and displayed the works of officially approved artists. The book also presents the after-effects of the attack on modernism that are felt even today. Register for our newsletter!
Vandalism of art
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Since the Kania books are not available from many dealers in English-speaking countries, by the way, let me supply an address and email: Kania Schachverlag, Richard-Wagner-Strasse 43, D Shwieberdingen, Germany. Lastly, we look at two reprints of classic instructional books, both converted into algebraic notation from their original descriptive-notation editions. Batsford's new edition of Logical Chess: Move by Move , written in by Irving Chernev, is a collection of 33 games with a famous player on at least one side of the board.
Chernev's idea was to 'explain' every move of every game, mostly with a paragraph or more of prose, and sometimes but not often with supporting analysis. Since he has to justify every move, the book is replete with advice, principles, axioms, and tips to guide one's play. These are at the most elementary level, and the first thing to realize about Logical Chess is that it is definitely for beginners and players who are just starting to learn about development, weak squares, the centre, standard attacking ideas, and the like.
In many ways, it would a wonderful 'first' book or first 'serious' book, after the ones which teach the rules and elementary mates, for example , and a nice gift for a young player just taking up chess.
Art Of Attack and Modern Chess Openings.....Advice requested.
For one thing, the games are clearcut and instructive. In one of the Dvoretsky books, a point is made about classical games being more instructive than modern ones, not because they are better, but because the ideas are so simple and because players allowed their opponents clear, one-sided advantages. This is very true of Chernev's games, which are almost all examples of miserable defence by the loser, or of utter lack of understanding by modern standards.
But precisely for that reason, they contain powerful thematic lessons for the beginning player. My only warning would be that the impressionable student should be gently reminded by a friend or mentor that most of the rules and principles Chernev so dogmatically states do not actually have any consistent validity in real-world chess, so that the book should be looked at as a way to get started thinking about positions, not as a reliable guideline to what chess is really about.
With that proviso, I would recommend it heartily to anyone just starting to explore the game, and therefore, to scholastic chess teachers as well. A much more advanced instructional classic is Vladimir Vukovic's The Art of Attack , originally written in , and rather enthusiastically revised and corrected by John Nunn in this new edition. Vukovic classifies attacks and attacking principles into comprehensible categories, and has the art of explaining the key features of an attack in a way which the student will not forget.
His analysis is both deep and original; it led to revised opinions of some of the most famous games in history. The reader can review this book more-or-less casually and learn a lot just from it's diagrammed examples and prose; but he or she can also spend hours immersed in the more complex notes Vukovic provides, and thus learn even more.
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I have to admit that John Nunn's numerous corrections of Vukovic's analysis left me a little uncomfortable at first. Nunn says of his various 'analytical footnotes': "I hope readers will not form the opinion that Vukovic's analysis was especially unsound--this is certainly not the case. In a way, however, this is a good lesson for us all. The chess world has changed dramatically, however much we might not like to admit it.
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Analysis by strong players today is in general more accurate and thorough than that by legends of the past. Of course, some of this is due to the use of analytical engines playing programs , and Nunn has no doubt benefited greatly from their problem-spotting and confidence-raising attributes. But the increased dynamism and complexity of modern chess, along with the simple fact of heightened competitiveness, has both improved published analysis and subjected it to more stringent criticism.
Furthermore, the errors in Vukovic's book to some extent undermine his attempts to philosophize and generalize about the attack and the history of the attack. The modern attacker exemplified by Kasparov and Shirov ultimately relies on few or no principles, but rather emphasizes the concrete and analytical to an extent previously unknown. Of course, intuition also plays a major role, but even intuition is informed by calculation and experience more than by what used to be called 'principle'.
Perhaps Vukovic's analysis was not 'especially unsound' for it's day, but it certainly would be now. Nunn's corrections help us to focus on the beauty and complexity of Vukovic's examples, and at the same time to be skeptical of his often-dogmatic claims about both individual players as attackers and why in general an attack 'must' succeed or fail. That is certainly a healthy thing if our goal is really to improve our attacking skills. To conclude, I think that The Art of Attack in Chess would be enjoyable to players in a range from about to , and useful for players from about to Beneath , my guess is that getting extremely used to solving tactical problems from one of those ' Combinations' sort of books would be the appropriate preparation for a later study of Vukovic.